Wednesday, 11 January 2017

BEWARE! EXCESS SUGAR CAN SILENCE HEART ATTACK SYMPTOMS

 

References

  • International Diabetes Federation; http://www.idf.org/signs-and-symptoms-diabetes
  • International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas. 7th edn. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation. 2015
  • International Diabetes Federation, Risk Factors, idf.org/about-diabetes/risk-factors
  • Hu FB, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, et al. Diet, lifestyle, and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. N Engl J Med. 2001; 345:790–7
  • Willi C, Bodenmann P, Ghali WA, Faris PD, Cornuz J. Active Smoking and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA. 2007; 298:2654–2664
  • Massimo Chiariello and Ciro Indolfi. Silent Myocardial Ischemia in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus. June 15, 1996, Volume 93, Issue 12. http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/93/12/2089

  • C-K Wong and HD White. Recognising “painless” heart attacks. Heart. 2002 Jan; 87(1): 3–5. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1766972/

  • Erik B. Schelbert, Jie J. Cao, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Peter Kellman, Anthony H. Aletras, et al., Prevalence and Prognosis of Unrecognized Myocardial Infarction Determined by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Older Adults. JAMA. 2012;308(9):890-896. 

  • Wackers, F. Diabetes Care, August 2004: vol 27: pp 1954-1961.

  • Cardiovascular Disease & Diabetes http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Diabetes/WhyDiabetesMatters/Cardiovascular-Disease-Diabetes_UCM_313865_Article.jsp/#.V_jczK256Fo
  • Sarah H Wild, and Christopher D Byrne. Risk factors for diabetes and coronary heart disease. ABC of Obesity. BMJ. 2006 Nov 11; 333(7576): 1009–1011. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1635590/
  • American Diabetes Association, North American Association for the Study of Obesity, American Society for Clinical Nutrition. Weight Management Using Lifestyle. Modification in the Prevention and Management of Type 2 Diabetes: Rationale and Strategies. Clinical Diabetes 23 (3): 130-136, 2005.
  • National Institutes of Health, National Institute ofDiabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases. “Statistics Related to Overweight and Obesity: The Economic Costs.” www.niddk.nih.gov/health/nutrit/pubs/statobes.htm#econ.
  • Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group, Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. NEJM 346:393-402. 2002.

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